Texas Hay Report
USDA - Fri Jul 12, 4:23AM CDT
Amarillo, TX       Fri Jul 12, 2019    USDA Market News

Weekly Texas Hay Report 

   Compared to last report: Hay trades were mostly steady to instances 
weak mostly due to quality.  Movement was light to moderate at best.  In 
the Panhandle, producers are busy baling wheat hay but quality ranges 
from heavily rained on to rare cases of put up before rain.  Humidity 
brought on by recent rains also is a concern for affecting quality.  
Farmers in the North, Central, and East region are baling hay but will 
have to wait and see what kind of quality Coastal Bermuda they have 
available due to delayed cutting season.  Prices for hay and pellets 
quoted per ton except where noted. 

   The Texas Department of Agriculture has Hay and Grazing phone set 
up for Buyers and sellers looking for hay or grazing; the number is 1-
512-787-9966. The website for the hotline is: 

Panhandle/High Plains:
	Alfalfa: Large Squares: Delivered: Premium to Supreme: 240.00-
	260.00; Good to Premium: 210.00-240.00.               
	Small bales: Delivered: Premium: 272.00, 8.25 per bale. 
	Ground Alfalfa: Delivered to feedlots: Avg 190.00-195.00. 
                                       	    Calf 205.00-210.00.
	Coastal Bermuda: Large Bales: Delivered: Premium to Supreme: 
	190.00-200.00; Good to Premium: 150.00-160.00.
	Wheat: Large Bales: Delivered: 145.00-200.00. Rained on 95.00-
	CRP: Large Bales: Delivered: 80.00-100.00
	Cotton Burrs: Delivered: 90.00-100.00.

Far West Texas/Trans Pecos: 
	Alfalfa: Small Squares: Delivered local or FOB: Premium to Supreme
     	290.00-330.00, 8.75-11.00 per bale.
 	Large Squares: FOB: Premium to Supreme 260.00-275.00; Good to              
      Premium 245.00-260.00.
North, Central, and East Texas:
	Alfalfa: Large Squares: Delivered: Premium to Supreme 255.00-
   	Coastal Bermuda: Small Squares: FOB: Good to Premium 297.00-330.00, 
	9.00-10.00 per bale.
      Large Rounds: FOB: Good to Premium 120.00-140.00, 60.00-70.00 per 
	roll; Fair to Good 90.00-120.00, 45.00-60.00 per bale.
South Texas:
   	Coastal Bermuda: Small Squares: FOB: Good to Premium 264.00-297.00, 
      8.00-9.00 per bale; Fair to Good 165.00-264.00 5.00-8.00 per bale. 
 	Large Rounds: FOB and delivered locally: Good to Premium 100.00-
	140.00, 50.00-70.00 per roll.
   Table 1: Alfalfa guidelines (for domestic livestock use and not more 
than 10% grass)
Quality       ADF     NDF     *RFV     **TDN-100%     **TDN-90%     CP
Supreme       <27     <34     >185        >62           >55.9      >22
Premium      27-29   34-36   170-185    60.5-62       54.5-55.9   20-22
Good         29-32   36-40   150-170      58-60       52.5-54.5   18-20
Fair         32-35   40-44   130-150      56-58       50.5-52.5   16-18
Utility       >35     >44     <130         <56          <50.5      <16

*RFV calculated using the Wis/Minn formula. 
**TDN calculated using the western formula.  Quantitative factors are 
approximate, and many factors can affect feeding value. Values based on 
100% dry matter (TDN showing both 100% & 90%).  Guidelines are to be used 
with visual appearance and intent of sale (usage).

  Table 2: Grass Hay guidelines
Quality       Crude Protein Percent 
Premium             Over 13
Good                 9-13
Fair                 5-9
Utility             Under 5

Quantitative factors are approximate, and many factors can affect feeding 
value.  Values based on 100% dry matter.  End usage may influence hay 
price or value more than testing results. 

Hay Quality Designation's physical descriptions: 
   Supreme: Very early maturity, pre bloom, soft fine stemmed, extra 
leafy. Factors indicative of very high nutritive content.  Hay is 
excellent color and free of damage.
   Premium: Early maturity, i.e., pre-bloom in legumes and pre head in 
grass hays, extra leafy and fine stemmed-factors indicative of a high 
nutritive content.  Hay is green and free of damage.  
   Good: Early to average maturity, i.e., early to mid-bloom in legumes 
and early head in grass hays, leafy, fine to medium stemmed, free of 
damage other than slight discoloration. 
   Fair: Late maturity, i.e., mid to late-bloom in legumes, head-in grass 
hays, moderate or below leaf content, and generally coarse stemmed. Hay 
may show light damage. 
   Utility: Hay in very late maturity, such as mature seed pods in 
legumes or mature head in grass hays, coarse stemmed.  This category 
could include hay discounted due to excessive damage and heavy weed 
content or mold.  Defects will be identified in market reports when using 
this category.

Source:  USDA Market News Service, Amarillo, TX
         Lana Hutto, Market Reporter 806-356-5785
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